District 4, Summer Resort in East Tehran
District 4 of Tehran Municipality is located in the northeast end of Tehran. This municipality district with an area of approximately 10% of Tehran hosts close to 11% of the city population and with a population of about 820 thousand is considered one of Tehran's most populous districts. The main feature of this district is its high percentage of synthetic and natural green space so much so that close to a quarter of the area is green space. District 4 is limited to Babaei Highway from the north, to Vafadar and Resalat highways from south, to Pasdaran Avenue from west and to Damavand Street and Lashgarak Road from east.
District 4 municipality consists of 9 areas and 22 urban neighborhoods. Perhaps District 4 could be called a flat plain a major part of which is been surrounded by new residential establishments and housing. Also, there are floodways and main water-feeding valleys of northeast of the capital city in this district which significantly help the area to remain green.
Historical documents show that during the Qajar and Pahlavi eras a major part of the region was agricultural land and orchards which has gradually turned into residential quarters while preserving parts of the trees and orchards. Ultimately, old residential quarters such as Sohanak, Ozgol, Araj and a little later Narmak and Tehran Pars emerged from its heart. On the other hand, the considerable green space in the area has turned organization of orchards, green space and parks into a priority of urban managers in this district. Moreover, development of highways in this district is considered an important transportation achievement in this district.
Political, Social Characteristics
District 4 is the restricted access of recreational entries and exits to Tehran; neighborhood of this district with summer resorts in the north and northeast of the capital city has resulted in making travels to areas such as Laar Dam, Latyan, Lavasanat, Fasham, Oushan, Meygoon as well as recreational centers such as Darbandsar, Shemshak and Abali from this area. One of the most important areas in District 4 is Lavizan Forest Park which occupies close to 2% of the total area of the district and in addition to recreational application is one of the most important means for clearing the air of the capital.
A major part of District 4 is the location of workshops, factories and industrial units. The dominant industry in this area is furniture manufacturing, products of which are used in many parts of the country and even export of furniture to the neighboring states is on the agenda.
District 4 is the area where four embassies are located: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tunisia and Saudi Arabia the offices of which are generally located in Pasdaran Avenue. On the other hand, Elm-o-Sana’t (Science and Industry) University is one of the largest academic centers located in this district as well as Ab-o-Barq (Water and Electricity) University.
One of the political features of District 4 is military townships that are located in the northern side of the region. Lavizan and Noor townships are two main military centers in this district as well as several other garrisons and small military townships which are located in their neighborhood.
Cultural, Historical Characteristics
The most important natural tourism axis in District 4 is Lavizan Park. The park occupies an area of 1100 hectares which is more recreational and is limited to Qoochak from the north, Shamsabad from the south, Lavizan Village from the west and Khatam-ul-Anbia Garrison from the east. Lavizan Park is among the large recreational areas of the province, especially Tehran.
However, although a significant portion of District 4 has had agricultural and rural application in the 100-year history of Tehran, there are two historical and tourism monuments in this district: Imamzadeh Panjtan and Rasam Arabzadeh Carpet Museum.
Imamzadeh Panjtan is located on the top of a hill in Lavizan where the shrines of five brothers who are the grandsons of the fourth Imam of the Shiites are located. The building of Imamzadeh dates back to 130 years ago.
Rasam Arabzadeh Carpet Museum which was founded in the calendar year 1373 (1994-95) is a place where 66 pieces of exquisite carpets done by Master Arabzadeh and worth millions of dollars are being kept.