District 8, Free from Earthquake Faults
District 8 of Tehran is located on the side hill of the gentle slope of Alborz Mountains in the northern part of Seh-Tappeh heights in east of Tehran. Statistics show that the district has3 areas, 20 neighborhoods and a population of 900 thousand households.
Study of research works conducted in various districts of Tehran indicates that this district is among the most optimal regions in east Tehran. One of the most important reasons for this belief is that this district is devoid of earthquake faults. Historical and valuable texture of Narmak, as well as the appropriate and well-designed transportation network is among special characteristics of the district.
District 8 stretches to Alborz Mountain heights through its northern neighbor (District 4) and to Sorkheh Hesar forests and Seh-Tappeh heights through its southern neighbor (District 13). On the basis of Municipality divisions, this district is limited to Resalat Highway (District 4) in the north and northeast, to Damavand Street (District 13) in the south, and to South Sabalan and Ostad Hossein Banna (District 7) in the west.
The district has 3 areas, 20 auditing and 13 council neighborhoods. The first area is limited to Resalat Avenue in the north and east, to Damavand Street in the south and to Shahid Ayat Street in the west.
The second area is limited to Resalat Highway in the north, Damavand Street and Bakhtar watercourse in the south, to Shahid Ayat Street in the east and to Shahid Madani Street in the west. The third area is limited to Resalat Highway in the north, to Damavanad Street in the south, to Bakhtar watercourse in the east and to Ostad Hassan Banna and South Sabalan streets in the west.
Social and Cultural Characteristics
District 8 due to its old and traditional fabric has significant neighborhood features. For the same reason, cultural and social centers with high antiquity have been created there. In District 8 of Tehran Municipality there are four culture houses –Farzanegan Library, Fadak, Ma’refat and Square 16. Khanevadeh Culture House is also located in this district.
Farzanegan, Ma’refat and Shahid Ayat libraries are also located in this district. Golestan, Salam and Farzanegan libraries as well as Dr. Shahidi Library-Museum and Bustan Gallery are other cultural features of the district. Sorkheh Hesar and Seh-Tappeh heights are among natural spaces and environmental attractions of the district which provide interesting sightseeing for tourists.
Haft Howz is one of the squares of Narmak neighborhood which is a tourism and commercial center and many people come to this square for recreation.
Bakhtar, Resalat, Aras and Qamar Bani Hashem hospitals are among important medical centers in this district.
District 8 of Tehran houses two old neighborhoods, namely Narmak and Nezamabad. A review of historical texts show that Narmak used to be an old village. This village with its pleasant climate in the past (about 70 years ago) used to have many pomegranate orchards.
It has been narrated from many old dwellers of the district that pomegranates of Narmak were juicy with good taste. There is even a narrative according to which the concept of Narmak was sucking pomegranate and by Narmak it meant a neighborhood where bulky pomegranates used to grow.
Narmak was situated on the way of Qoochak, Lavasan, Naz and Roudbar-e Qasran and had a population of 100 and its water requirements were supplied by an aqueduct. Its major products used to be grains and pomegranates and business of its inhabitants used to be farming and horticulture. The way to reach Narmak village was a by-road having an old fort. Later it turned into an urban neighborhood with population growth and development of life.