Registration’ is the official recording of the birth of a child by
an administrative process of the state and is coordinated by a
particular branch of government. It is a permanent and official
record of a child’s existence.
Universal Birth Registration compulsory: In light of Article 7 of the
Convention, the Human Rights Committee General Comment recommends
that State Parties ensure universal and compulsory Birth
Registration. Iran adopted a Birth Registration Law in 1918, making
Birth Registration compulsory.
Article 12 of the
Registry Act stipulates that the birth of every child born in Iran,
regardless of the nationality of his/her parents shall be reported
(within 15 days) to the official representative or agent of the Birth
Registration Organization and the birth of the children of Iranian
nationals residing outside Iran shall be reported to the local
Consulate of the Islamic Republic of Iran and in the event that there
is no local Iranian consulate, it shall be reported to the nearest
Iranian consulate or the Birth Registration Organization of Iran.
Article 993 of the
Civil Code stipulates that the birth of each child and the abortion
of a fetus six months after conception shall be reported to the Birth
Registration Organization within the time and manner prescribed by
laws or special procedures.
The legal grace
period for the announcement of the birth of a child is 15 days from
the date of birth. After the expiration of the prescribed period, if
the fact of birth is not recorded, those who are legally bound are
considered violators of the law and will be prosecuted, pursuant to
Article 3 of the Law on Contravention, Crimes and Punishments
concerning Registration of Personal Status enacted by the Council of
Expediency (August 1991). In case of conviction, the violator shall
be liable not only for registration of the birth but also for payment
of a fine.