Sunday 08 December 2019

The state of Iranian Birth Registration Laws

Definition: ‘Birth Registration’ is the official recording of the birth of a child by an administrative process of the state and is coordinated by a particular branch of government. It is a permanent and official record of a child’s existence.

Laws making Universal Birth Registration compulsory: In light of Article 7 of the Convention, the Human Rights Committee General Comment recommends that State Parties ensure universal and compulsory Birth Registration. Iran adopted a Birth Registration Law in 1918, making Birth Registration compulsory.

Article 12 of the Registry Act stipulates that the birth of every child born in Iran, regardless of the nationality of his/her parents shall be reported (within 15 days) to the official representative or agent of the Birth Registration Organization and the birth of the children of Iranian nationals residing outside Iran shall be reported to the local Consulate of the Islamic Republic of Iran and in the event that there is no local Iranian consulate, it shall be reported to the nearest Iranian consulate or the Birth Registration Organization of Iran.

Article 993 of the Civil Code stipulates that the birth of each child and the abortion of a fetus six months after conception shall be reported to the Birth Registration Organization within the time and manner prescribed by laws or special procedures.

The legal grace period for the announcement of the birth of a child is 15 days from the date of birth. After the expiration of the prescribed period, if the fact of birth is not recorded, those who are legally bound are considered violators of the law and will be prosecuted, pursuant to Article 3 of the Law on Contravention, Crimes and Punishments concerning Registration of Personal Status enacted by the Council of Expediency (August 1991). In case of conviction, the violator shall be liable not only for registration of the birth but also for payment of a fine.