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An Approach to Housing Styles in Qajar Era with Emphasis on Entrance Spaces

Recognition of housing architectural styles in Tehran in an important period of history, that is to say the Qajar era, is the topic of the present dissertation. Meanwhile it has been tried to consider entrance spaces of the houses


By: Mina Ramezan Jamaat
Supervisor: Dr. Javan Neyestani
Advisor: Dr. Hamid Khatib Shahidi
University: Tarbiyat Moddares (Instructors Training) University
Level: M.A.
Field of Study: Archeology


Abstract
Recognition of housing architectural styles in Tehran in an important period of history, that is to say the Qajar era, is the topic of the present dissertation. Meanwhile it has been tried to consider entrance spaces of the houses. Given that during its history Tehran has passed behind numerous events and experienced many changes and contrasts, therefore, study of the historical situation and changes of urban fabric as well the question on contrast of tradition and modernity and the process of their collective effect on social structures, including architecture, constitutes part of this dissertation.
Furthermore, reference has been made to residential architecture and elements and conditions affecting it in an effort to properly clarify the extent that housing architecture could be influenced by different components. In the process of this research work, housing styles, from the beginning of Tehran’s shaping up to the end of Qajar era (in line with tradition, combination and modernity) together with physical characteristics and trend of evolution of entrance spaces were studied.
In continuation, while introducing, describing and analyzing a number of Qajar houses, general features and physical, natural and decorative characteristics of entrance spaces were studied. The result of the study suggests that Tehran houses in Qajar era were varied in construction styles, and their entrance spaces with regard to their styles were different but were constantly changing and even gradually eliminating.
Keywords: Tehran, Qajar, architecture, housing, entrance space



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