News

The Presence of the Municipality of Tehran in the Assembly of Mayors and Governors of UNESCO

  2022 January 17 Monday:

The Online Meeting of The Assembly of Mayors and Governors of UNESCO under the auspices of the "Megacities Alliance for Water and Climate" (MAWAC) was held on 14 January 2022.

Dr. Hamidreza Gholamzadeh, the Deputy of International Affairs of the Communications and International Affairs Center of the Municipality of Tehran, As the representative of Tehran Megacity, expressed his appreciation to the organizers of this important event and said: Undoubtedly, the alliance between megacities for water and climate can be a successful model for the promotion of cooperation in the field of water and climate by facilitating dialogues and responses to the challenges of climate change making trouble for megacities like Tehran. I am quite confident that this event will come up with fruitful decisions opening a new horizon for further promotion of Megacities Alliance for Water and Climate at the highest level concerning vast experiences of megacities’ participants as well as contributing to international activities. 
 
Dr. Gholamzadeh added that Greater Tehran Megacity covers an area of approximately SEVEN HUNDRED THIRTY SQUARE KILOMETERS (730 km2) with a population of over 13 million during daytime. The city lies on the semi-arid plains to the south of the Alborz Mountains, with an elevation from1050 m in the south to 2000 m in the north. The long-term mean annual precipitation of Tehran megacity is around 230 mm and occurs mainly during the winter and spring. The average Tehran megacity resident’s water consumption per capita is 233 litters per day. Worth noting that 100% of the Tehran population have access to safe drinking water and around 65 % of the population have safe access to wastewater collection and treatment. 
Tehran metropolitan like many other cities in the world is continuously experiencing the impacts of climate change through water-related disasters including severe water scarcity and flash floods, and as a result, it is vital for Tehran’s megacity water supply, wastewater, and stormwater systems to consider climate change impacts. Climate change’s impacts in megacities water systems typically have knock-on impacts on other urban systems since water plays such a fundamental role in the functioning of such systems as well as in maintaining the quality of life in a wider sense. 
The current per capita consumption of treated water in the megacity of Tehran is rather high and it is the main challenge for Tehran metropolitan water supply sustainability. Groundwater is one of the main sources of water supply in Tehran megacity, and its depletion due to over-extraction should be addressed. In addition to the above-mentioned facts, COVID 19 pandemic has also put further pressure on already limited Tehran water resources as more water is consumed by citizens. Some other issues are urban river restoration and stormwater management, improving water reuse and wastewater recycling, and better consideration of water and climate in urban planning.
I proclaim that integration and improving water governance as an effective means has been launched recently to overcome these critical water issues nationwide and in Tehran Megacity. A national working group on “Adaptation to Water Scarcity” was formed to compile plans and mechanisms related to adaptation to water shortage. Sustainability of water resources and appropriate response to the increasing water demand due to population growth, supplying water for promoting civilian’s welfare, fair allocation, and distribution as well as water ethics is amongst the most important aims of this working group.

 

The Presence of the Municipality of Tehran in the Assembly of Mayors and Governors of UNESCO

 

He stated: Now over 50% of people live in cities producing 80% of the world’s economic output. Megacities are now growing faster in developing countries than in developed countries. Due to their increasing size and the number of people, megacities have specific problems such as water supply, waste management, air quality management, and the sustainability of the housing stock.
Moreover, indirect or even extraterritorial problems are to be added to the challenges of Megacities. In our region, for instance, excessive dam construction in Turkey has decreased water levels down in Iraq, leading to dust migrating into Iranian border cities suffering from both water scarcity and pollution, forcing them to domestic migration and increasing population in metropolitan and megacities. 

In that regard, the Megacities partnership is necessary to design, enhance, adapt and share climate and air quality management tools, to help improve air quality, water security, protect the climate and provide important public health benefits 

The Municipality of Tehran believes that the MAWAC under the leadership of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as the specialized agency of the United Nations that aims at promoting world peace and security through the international cooperation in education, sciences, and culture, can play a key role and provide a cooperation platform for megacities to share the experiences and challenges, propose solutions, and to obtain access to technical and financial support for programs and projects in developing countries megacities, enabling them to successfully overcome the challenges of climate change, and holds the key to their sustained and peaceful growth. 
In the end, he mentioned that he would like to reiterate once again the full support of the Tehran Megacity to the Megacities Alliance for Water and Climate (MAWAC) by all means to present and exchange its current and future challenges to water security, economic activity, and social stability as well as adaptation and mitigation strategies in megacities.

RELATED ARTICLES

LEAVE A REPLY
  Comments

There is no comment.

Your Name
Email
Website
Title
Comment
CAPTCHA image
Enter the code

RECENT COMMENTS

  Comments

There is no comment.

Your Name
Email
Website
Title
Comment
CAPTCHA image
Enter the code

Receive the latest news of your choice direct to your inbox